Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first elected chairman
(temporary) of Constituent Assembly. Later Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as
On 11 December, 1946 Dr. Rajendra Prasad and H. C. Mukherjee
were elected as assembly president and vice-president, respectively.
The Supreme Court is the guardian and protector of Indian Constitution. It is also the final interpreter of the constitution.
The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1976, was enacted during the Emergency by the Indian National Congress government headed by Indira Gandhi. The 42nd Amendment changed the description of India from a sovereign democratic republic to a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, and also changed the words "unity of the nation" to "unity and integrity of the nation".
The idea of Constituent Assembly of India was first put
forward by Manvendra Nath Roy in 1934. In 1935, it became the official demand
of INC. After
partition, Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the chairman of Constituent Assembly of
Independent India and Professor Harendra Coomar Mookerjee was Vice President of
the Constituent Assembly.
Shri M.N. Roy was an Indian revolutionary, radical activist and political theorist, as well as a noted philosopher in the 20th century. Roy was a founder of the Mexican Communist Party and the Communist Party of India. He was the one who gave the idea of the Constitution of India.
Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December 1946, and its last
session was held on 24 January 1950. During this period which was of two years,
eleven months and eighteen days in which the Assembly held eleven sessions,
sitting for a total of 166 days.
The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949, but it came into force on 26 January, 1950. 26 January specifically opted because it was on this date in 1929, that Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as President of the Indian National Congress during the Lahore Session and on the same day a resolution was passed demanding complete independence. The day 26 January, 1930 was declared as “Purna Swaraj Diwas” or Independence Day. Thus, in order to honor the significance of this day, the members of the Constituent Assembly decided to enforce the Constitution on January 26, 1950 marking it as Republic Day.
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