The constitution of India has granted equal rights to the
men and women. According to article 14 – The State shall not deny to any person
equality before law or the equal protection of laws within the territory of India.
And Article 15 states – State shall not discriminate against any citizen on
grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, and place of birth or any of them. Although
various efforts have been taken to improve the status of women in India, the
constitutional dream of gender equality is miles away from becoming a reality.
The right against exploitation is one of the most vital fundamental rights given by the Indian Constitution. These rights aim at protecting citizens from being subjugated to environmental, domestic and work hazards. Article 23- (a) :- freedom from slavery, beggary or other forms of forced labour. The Stae has the power to introduce compulsory service for such persons in order to stop the practice. The State can not discriminate on the grounds of religion, caste, race, colour, etc.
Article 24 of the Indian Constitution prohibits abolition of employment of children below the age of 14 years in dangerous jobs like factories and mines. The practice of bonded labour has also been declared unlawful.
The Fundamental Rights are defined as basic human freedoms
that every Indian citizen has the right to enjoy for a proper and harmonious growth
and development of personality. These rights universally apply to all citizens,
irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste or gender. Aliens
(persons who are not citizens) are also considered in matters like equality
before law. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to certain
The Fundamental Rights is defined as the basic human rights
of all citizens. These rights, defined in Part III of the Constitution, apply irrespective
of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed or gender. They are enforceable
by the courts, subject to specific restrictions. Hence they make each individual realize their best.
The Duties are not demanded by the Govt, from its citizens. The Fundamental Duties are defined as the moral obligations
of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity
of India. These duties, set out in Part IV–A of the Constitution, concern
individuals and the nation. Like the Directive Principles, they are not
enforceable by law.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar called Article 32 of the Indian
Constitution i.e. Right to Constitutional remedies as 'the heart and soul of
It was made so because mere declaration of the fundamental
right without an effective machinery for enforcement of the fundamental rights
would have been meaningless. Also, a right which does not have a remedy is a
worthless declaration. Thus, the framers of our constitution adopted the
special provisions in the article 32 which provided remedies to the violated
fundamental rights of a citizen.
Fundamental Rights find a place in Part 3 of the Constitution of India. These rights give people protection from oppressive governments and place a duty on the government to uphold them. If our rights are violated by the government, we can go to the court for protection of these rights. There are 6 fundamental rights which are:
Habeus corpus is a writ under which a person under arrest to
be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's
release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention. If any
section of people is agitating for separation of a part of the country, habeus
corpus and freedom of speech can be suspended.
Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India though reasonable restrictions can be imposed on this right in the interest of the general public, or Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India, which is subject to reasonable restrictions by the State in the interest of the general public, or for protection of the scheduled tribes because certain safeguards, as are envisaged here, seem justified to protect indigenous and tribal people from exploitation and coercion are all under the influence of Fundamental Rights.
Right to Information is an Act of the Parliament of India to
provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for
citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002. Under the
provisions of the Act, any citizen of India may request information from a
public authority which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty
The Right to Information Act passed in 2005 provided a ray of hope for common people as it promised transparency and accountability in governance and captured the imagination of masses soon. The law has a potential to be a crucial catalyst in challenging the power equation between the common masses and the ruling classes besides curtailing corruption. The object to create this Act was to serve a larger public interest to question the age-old hierarchical traditional system of governance and to strengthen foundation for a true participatory democracy.
In India, freedom of the press is implied from the freedom of speech and expression guaranteed by Art. 19(1) (a). There is no specific provision ensuring freedom of the press as such.
The idea of Fundamental Rights was taken from America i.e.
U.S. along with important features like Written Constitution, Executive head of
state known as President and his being the Supreme Commander of the Armed
Forces ideas etc.
Please disable the adBlock and continue. Thank you.