As head of the government, the Prime Minister has wide ranging powers. He chairs Cabinet meetings. He coordinates the work of different Departments. His decisions are final in case disagreements arise between Departments. He exercises general supervision of different ministries. All ministers work under his leadership. The Prime Minister distributes and redistributes work to the ministers. He also has the power to dismiss ministers. When the Prime Minister quits, the entire ministry quits.
Lok Sabha exercises more powers in money matters. Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget of the government or any other money related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it. The Rajya Sabha can only delay it by 14 days or suggest changes in it. The Lok Sabha may or may not accept these changes.
Parliament consists of the President and two Houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Any ordinary law needs to be passed by both the Houses. But if there is a difference between the two Houses, the final decision is taken in a joint session in which members of both the Houses sit together. Because of the larger number of members, the view of the Lok Sabha is likely to prevail in such a meeting.
In our country, Parliament consists of two Houses. The two Houses are known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha).
The age required for a member to contest for the elections of the Lok Sabha is 25 whereas to contest as the President he should have minimum age of 35.
By law, Parliament can form a new state by separating
territory from any state, by merging two or more states or parts of states.
Parliament can also reduce or increase the area or alter the boundary of any
state or even change its name. But first, a bill on the matter has to be
referred by the President to the legislature of the affected state so that the
legislature can express its views within a certain period.
President is a part of parliament which is a supreme legislative body. The executive power of the Indian Union is vested in the President. The President is the Head of the State and the supreme commander of the Defence Forces of India.
Railway budget was presented by railway minister.
Since 2017-18, the general budget and railway budget has been merged.
The above statements which say that the president is supreme commander of the defence forces, executive power and constituent part of Indian parliament are true.
But he is not the real head but only a nominal head.
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