The Lok Sabha (House of the People) was duly constituted for
the first time on 17 April 1952 after the first General Elections held from 25
October 1951 to 21 February 1952.
Minister presides over the
Ministries of Government, and carries out the policy determined by the Cabinet
and approved by Parliament.
Necessary information to the
ministers is provided by secretaries of each ministry.
The Supreme Court of India is the
final authority to see to it that the division of powers as specified in the
constitution is obeyed by both the Union and the State governments. So, Article
131 of the Indian Constitution vests the Supreme Court with original and
exclusive jurisdiction to determine the justiciable disputes between the Union
and the States or between the States.
Parliament is the final authority for making laws in any
country. This task of law making or legislation is so crucial that these assemblies
are called legislatures. Parliaments all over the world can make new laws,
change existing laws, or abolish existing laws and make new ones in their
Final interpreter &
guardian of Indian Constitution is the Supreme Court. It is the highest
judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India. It consists of the Chief Justice of India and 33 other judges; it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory
Apart from lawmaking, the Parliament is engaged in many other functions. Let us list the functions of the Parliament:
President appoints the Prime Minister, the Governors of the States, the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts of the States. The President also appoints other Ministers in consultation with the Prime Minister.
But the President does not appoint the Vice-President. He is elected by an Electoral College.
B. Fundamental Rights.
Any citizen whose rights are violated may move the Supreme Court for the enforcement of the rights. The Supreme Court has the power to issue orders or writs, in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari for the enforcement of any of the Fundamental Rights.
Article 356 deals with the Constitutional emergency. This situation arises when a situation in a state reaches to a place, that it can no longer rule according to the provisions of the constitution.
The President can overrule many provisions of the constitution in such an instance.
For the first time, constitutional emergency was declared in Punjab in 1952.
Loksabha is the
lower house of Indian parliament. First session of both the houses are
addressed by president. Among the given options vice-president cannot address loksabha
President appoints prime
minister, the Governors of the States, Election Commissioner, Comptroller
and Auditor-General, the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts of
the States. The President also appoints other Ministers in consultation with
the Prime Minister.
But president do not appoint Lok
Sabha speaker. The speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok
Sabha following general elections, amongst the members of the Lok Sabha, and is
by convention a member of the ruling party or alliance.
India follows a parliamentary system in which the prime
minister is the presiding, actual head of the government and chief of the
executive branch. In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's
official representative usually holds a purely ceremonial position.
The Prime Minister shall become a member of parliament
within six months of beginning his/her tenure, if he/she is not a member
already. He/She is expected to work with other central ministers to ensure the
passage of bills by the Parliament.
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