Understanding Laws - Class 8 Civics - Extra Questions
Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen.
Cases of domestic violence were often reported to women’s organizations. Some of the organizations started to raise the need for a new law on domestic violence. In 1999, Lawyers Collective, a group of lawyers, law students and activists took the initiative of drafting the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Bill; after nation-wide consultations. The draft was widely circulated among influential people. The bill was introduced in Parliament in 2002. But the bill did not contain many of the suggestions from women’s organizations. After that, many organizations for women made submissions to the Parliamentary Standing Committee; so that a new law could be passed. The Standing Committee submitted its recommendations to the Rajya Sabha; in 2002. The recommendations were also tabled in the Lok Sabha. Finally, the new bill was introduced in the Parliament in 2005. After the assent from the President, the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act came into effect in 2006.
State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.
reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the Rule of
Law in India are
Colonial law was arbitrary.
Indian nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal
sphere in British India.
Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentence on page 44-45: They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to law as including ideas of justice.
refers to the protests of Indian nationalists against the violation of the rule
of law by British authorities. Indians were discriminated against in their own
country by the British colonists and the Sedition Act of 1870 was the most
prolific example of the breach of the rule of law. This Act was remonstrated
against by Indian freedom fighters in favour of a more just set of rules based
on ideals of equality.
Many Indians began to practice the legal profession and used it to demand and
gain equal rights for all. Thus, Indians played a major role in the evolution
of the rule of law during times of colonial rule.