Understanding Our Criminal Justice System - Class 8 Civics - Extra Questions
What is the Role of the Public Prosecutor?
Role of the public prosecutor :-
Though the public prosecutor presents the case against the accused, he/she is supposed to act impartially. He/she is supposed to narrate the facts of the case, present the evidence, call witnesses and question the accused without trying to bias the court (judge) or bully or insult the accused. The accused is assumed to be innocent unless proved guilty beyond doubt. The onus (responsibility) of proving that the accused is guilty lies with the prosecutor. It is not the onus of the accused to prove that he/she is innocent.
What is the Role of the Police in Investigating a crime?
When the police receive an FIR or detect a crime, it launches an investigation, which may include questioning witnesses, recording their statements and collecting other kinds of evidence, for example, fingerprints, stolen goods, and murder weapons. If the evidence collected makes the police believe that a person (or persons) is (are) guilty of the reported crime, it files a charge-sheet against the person(s) in a suitable criminal (usually magistrates) court. .
It is the duty of Station House Officer to write down the _______ and then investigate them.
It is the duty of Station House Officer to write down the complaints and then investigate them.
For what reason is the Government required to take extra caution about the security of the people?
The Governments have to take extra caution about the security of people in the view of organized crime and terrorism.